Living with diabetes requires careful management of various aspects, including monitoring blood glucose levels and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Diabetic supplies such as glucose monitors, test strips, insulin pumps, and other related equipment are crucial in effectively managing the condition. For individuals enrolled in Medicare, it is important to understand the coverage options available for diabetic supplies. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the coverage provided by Medicare for diabetic supplies, including eligibility requirements, covered items, and cost considerations.

Understanding Medicare Coverage for Diabetic Supplies

Medicare is a federal health insurance program in the United States for people 65 and older, along with some younger people who have disabilities. It’s broken up into sections for specific medical topics. Medicare Parts B and D are especially helpful for those with diabetes.

Services and supplies for people with diabetes are covered by Medicare Part B. These supplies are essential for managing diabetes, such as blood glucose monitors, test strips, lancets, and lancing devices. Medicare Part B also covers insulin pumps, related supplies, and therapeutic shoes and inserts for individuals with diabetic foot conditions.

On the other hand, Medicare Part D is Medicare’s prescription drug coverage component. It covers a range of prescription medications, including insulin and other diabetes-related medications. Part D coverage is provided through private insurance companies approved by Medicare.

Eligibility Requirements for Medicare Coverage

To be eligible for Medicare coverage for diabetic supplies, individuals must meet certain requirements. There are different pathways to Medicare eligibility:

Original Medicare (Part A and Part B):

Individuals must be at least 65 years old and have paid Medicare taxes for at least 10 years to be eligible for Original Medicare. Some younger people with chronic illnesses, including kidney failure or impairments, may also be eligible.

Medicare Advantage (Part C):

Medicare Advantage plans, or Part C, are offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare. These plans provide all the benefits of Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) and often include additional coverage, such as prescription drugs and vision or dental benefits.

Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap):

Medigap policies, sold by private insurance companies, help cover some of the out-of-pocket costs associated with Original Medicare, such as deductibles and copayments. Medigap policies work alongside Original Medicare and do not provide prescription drug coverage.

Covered Diabetic Supplies under Medicare

Medicare provides coverage for a wide range of diabetic supplies, ensuring individuals have access to the tools to manage their condition effectively. The following are some of the covered diabetic supplies under Medicare:

Blood Glucose Monitors and Test Strips:

Blood glucose monitors, which are used to track glucose levels in the blood, are covered by Medicare Part B. Test strips, which are used with the monitors to obtain accurate readings, are also covered. However, there may be limits on the number of test strips provided per month.

Lancets and Lancing Devices:

Lancets, the small needles used to prick the skin for blood glucose testing, are covered by Medicare. Lancing devices are also covered, which hold the lancets and aid in obtaining blood samples.

Insulin Pumps and Supplies:

Medicare Part B provides coverage for insulin pumps and the necessary supplies, such as infusion sets, reservoirs, and batteries. However, certain criteria must be met, including a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes.

Insulin and Oral Medications:

Under Medicare Part D, prescription drug coverage includes insulin and other diabetes-related medications. The coverage varies depending on the specific Medicare Part D plan chosen.

Therapeutic Shoes and Inserts:

Medicare Part B covers therapeutic shoes and inserts for individuals with diabetes with specific foot conditions. These shoes are designed to prevent complications and promote foot health.

Medicare Guidelines for Obtaining Diabetic Supplies

To obtain diabetic supplies under Medicare, certain guidelines must be followed:

Prescription Requirements:

A healthcare provider must prescribe diabetic supplies, indicating the medical necessity and the specific type of supplies required. The prescription should be obtained from a doctor or other qualified healthcare professional.

Medical Necessity and Frequency Limits:

Medicare requires that diabetic supplies be medically necessary for the individual’s condition. The frequency of supply refills may be limited to prevent overuse or waste. It is important to consult with healthcare providers and suppliers to understand the specific guidelines for obtaining supplies.

Accredited Suppliers and Competitive Bidding Program:

Medicare requires individuals to obtain diabetic supplies from accredited suppliers. Additionally, some areas in the United States participate in the Competitive Bidding Program, which aims to reduce costs by selecting suppliers through a competitive bidding process. It is important to verify whether this program applies to your location.

Costs Associated with Medicare Coverage for Diabetic Supplies

While Medicare provides coverage for diabetic supplies, there are costs associated with the coverage. The costs can vary depending on the specific Medicare plan and coverage option chosen:

Medicare Part B Costs:

Medicare Part B typically requires individuals to pay a yearly deductible. After the deductible is met, there is usually a coinsurance amount of 20% for most covered diabetic supplies. Additionally, Part B may have a monthly premium based on income.

Medicare Part D Costs:

For individuals enrolled in Medicare Part D, the costs for prescription drugs, including insulin and other diabetes-related medications, vary depending on the specific plan chosen. Part D plans have different tiers of coverage with varying copayments or coinsurance for different medications. Part D plans also have a monthly premium that can vary.

  1. Additional Considerations and Resources
  2. Coverage Limitations and Restrictions:

It is important to understand that Medicare coverage for diabetic supplies may have limitations and restrictions. These may include quantity limits, prior authorization requirements, and specific criteria for coverage. Consulting with healthcare providers, pharmacists, and Medicare representatives can further clarify coverage details.

Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN):

In certain situations, a healthcare provider may issue an Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN), notifying the patient that Medicare may not cover a specific diabetic supply or service. The ABN provides an opportunity to decide whether to proceed with the supply or service and be responsible for the associated costs if Medicare denies coverage.

Resources for Assistance and Support:

For individuals seeking assistance and support regarding Medicare coverage for diabetic supplies, the following resources can be helpful:

  1. The official Medicare website provides information on coverage options, eligibility, and resources to help individuals navigate the Medicare program.
  2. State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP): SHIP offers free counseling and assistance to Medicare beneficiaries. They can provide personalized guidance on Medicare coverage, including diabetic supplies, and help individuals understand their options.
  3. Diabetes Advocacy Organizations: Organizations such as the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) provide resources, support, and advocacy for individuals with diabetes. They can offer guidance on managing diabetes and navigating insurance coverage.


Managing diabetes effectively requires access to the necessary supplies, and understanding the coverage provided by Medicare is essential for individuals relying on this program for their healthcare needs. Medicare offers coverage for a wide range of diabetic supplies, including blood glucose monitors, test strips, insulin pumps, and insulin. However, meeting the eligibility requirements and following Medicare guidelines for obtaining these supplies is important. Additionally, it is crucial to consider the associated costs and explore available resources for assistance and support. By staying informed about Medicare coverage for diabetic supplies, individuals with diabetes can ensure they receive the necessary tools to effectively manage their condition and improve their overall quality of life.


Q1: Does Medicare cover diabetic supplies?

A1: Yes, Medicare Part B provides coverage for a range of diabetic supplies considered medically necessary for managing diabetes.

Q2: What diabetic supplies are covered by Medicare?

A2: Medicare covers glucose meters, test strips, lancets, insulin, insulin pumps, insulin infusion supplies, and therapeutic shoes for individuals with diabetic foot conditions.

Q3: Is there a limit to the number of test strips Medicare will cover?

A3: Yes, Medicare generally covers 100 test strips and lancets every month for individuals with diabetes who use insulin and 100 test strips every three months for those who do not use insulin.

Q4: Do I need a prescription for diabetic supplies to be covered by Medicare?

A4: Yes, a prescription from your healthcare provider is typically required for Medicare to cover diabetic supplies. This ensures that the supplies are medically necessary.

Q5: Is there a copayment or coinsurance for diabetic supplies under Medicare?

A5: Yes, Medicare Part B usually requires a 20% coinsurance for diabetic supplies, including test strips, glucose meters, and insulin. However, this cost may be covered by supplemental insurance or Medicaid if you qualify.

Q6: Does Medicare cover insulin pumps for managing diabetes?

A6: Yes, Medicare Part B covers insulin pumps and the necessary supplies and accessories, subject to certain eligibility criteria.

Q7: Are there any coverage restrictions or limitations for diabetic supplies under Medicare?

A7: Medicare covers diabetic supplies if they are deemed medically necessary and prescribed by a healthcare provider. However, coverage may be limited based on specific guidelines and regulations.

Q8: Can Medicare cover continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems?

A8: Yes, Medicare covers CGM systems for individuals with diabetes who meet specific criteria, including frequent glucose monitoring needs or insulin-using individuals.

Q9: Does Medicare cover insulin pens or syringes?

A9: Yes, Medicare Part D prescription drug plans cover insulin pens and syringes, which are considered necessary for administering insulin.

Q10: How can I find out more about coverage for diabetic supplies under Medicare?

A10: To get detailed information about coverage for diabetic supplies under Medicare, it is recommended to contact Medicare directly, review their official website, or consult with a Medicare representative who can provide accurate and up-to-date information regarding eligibility, coverage, and requirements.