People who do not follow the program’s health insurance coverage standards face Medicare premium penalty. When you initially become eligible for Medicare, enroll in Part D (prescription medication coverage) to avoid penalties. However, not everyone requires Medicare at age 65, and many people receive insurance or prescription coverage via their jobs.

If you are able to postpone your Part D membership due to a superior prescription coverage option, you must exercise particular caution to avoid penalties later. Suppose you delay enrolling in Medicare for an extended period. In that case, you will be subject to monthly premium penalties for the duration of your program’s existence, which could be 20 years or longer.


  • Each month that you do not have Part D or creditable coverage, you will be given a penalty equal to 1% of the national base beneficiary premium; those who join in Part D too late will be permanently penalized.
  • You can avoid the penalty by enrolling in Part D within the initial enrollment period.
  • You must ensure that you do not go more than 63 days without Part D, or creditable prescription medication coverage after your initial enrollment period expires if you are not yet eligible for Medicare.

What Is the Part D Premium Penalty in Medicare?

Knowing when your initial enrollment period begins is critical for avoiding Medicare premium fines. Medicare’s initial enrollment period begins three months before you turn 65 and concludes three months after you reach that age. You have seven months to join penalty-free, including your birthday month. If you were born in April, your initial enrollment period is January 1st through July 31st.

After that, you can’t go more than 63 days without prescription drug coverage without paying the penalty. Once you enroll, the penalty is a lifetime surcharge on your Part D rates.

How Is the Penalty Determined?

You’ll be charged 1% of the national base beneficiary premium every month that you go without coverage, which is $33.37 in 2022.

When the base premium varies each year, the penalty amount also changes.

Let’s pretend you weren’t covered for all of 2021, but you’ll enroll, and you’ll get Part D on January 1, 2022. For 2022, your penalty would be 33.37 cents multiplied by 12 (you were not covered for the first 12 months of 2021), totaling $3.96. This amount is rounded up to the closest $0.10 by Medicare and added to your monthly Part D premium. Throughout 2022, you’ll have to pay an extra $4.00 each month for Medicare Part D. Your penalty for 2022 will be based on the new national base beneficiary premium.

How Much Will Your Premium + Penalty Be?

It’s important to remember that the national base beneficiary premium is an average plan price. Each state can have between 25 and 35 Part D plans, with varying rates and features.

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services revealed on September 30th, 2021, that Medicare Part D is going to cost an average of $33.37 per month in 2022, compared to $31.47 per month in 2021. In 2022, the average monthly price for persons enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan will be $19, compared to $21.22 in 2021.

The penalty isn’t often significant, especially if you’re just out of coverage for a few months. However, it is a long-term consequence. No insurance plan can afford to leave people without coverage until they desperately need it. Insurers can’t stay afloat if they only cover those who file claims.

It’s not always the case that initial enrollment is the only way to avoid paying premium fines.

Here are some of the examples of situations in which you may be permitted to postpone enrolling in health insurance without losing coverage:

Do You Have Creditable Prescription Drug Coverage?

An excellent prescription medication plan offers comparable coverage to Medicare Part D.

A present or past employer and a trade union may provide you with creditable coverage. These organizations also provide creditable insurance:

You may have creditable coverage if you get health insurance through your spouse’s employer or are on a COBRA plan.

What Happens If Your Creditable Prescription Drug Coverage Is Terminated?

Your days of creditable prescription medication coverage are numbered if you retire, are laid off, or your spousal coverage terminates. You will, however, be able to join up for Medicare, including Part D, without penalty during a special enrollment period. From the time your coverage finishes, this period lasts two months.

If you enroll in COBRA and keep your old employer’s creditable coverage, this unique enrollment period will apply when COBRA expires.

If your employer’s coverage changes and becomes non-creditable, you will have a 2-month special enrollment period. You can enroll in Medicare Part D without paying the premium penalty during this period.

Requirements for Medicare Part D Enrollment.

Medicare Part D is not a stand-alone program; you must have Part A and Part B to enroll.

Parts A and B of Medicare.

People aged 65 and up are eligible for Medicare. Medicare Part A covers inpatient hospital stays and nursing care. Part A’s yearly deductible is $1,484 in 2021 and $1,556 in 2022. Many people don’t have to pay a monthly premium for Part A, and hospital stays of fewer than 60 days don’t require coinsurance.

Doctor’s visits, testing, physical therapy, flu vaccines, and chemotherapy are all covered under Medicare Part B. Many Part B users will pay $148.50 per month in 2021 and $170.10 in 2022. In 2021, the Part B deductible will be $203, and in 2022, it will be $233.

Enrolling in Medicare.

Signing up during your initial enrollment term is one possibility. You can also enroll during the general enrollment period for Medicare, which runs from January 1st to March 31st, and provides coverage beginning July 1st. You can enroll in Part D from April 1st to June 30th if you sign up for medical coverage during the open enrollment, and your prescription coverage will begin on July 1st.

If you miss that opportunity, the next one is during the Medicare open enrollment period, which runs from October 15th to December 7th, and provides prescription coverage beginning January 1st.

Final Thoughts

You can avoid paying Part D payments if you enroll in Medicare during your initial enrollment period and never leave it. Everyone else should be aware of the creditable coverage requirements and specific enrollment periods that apply to them. Different frequent scenarios are described on the Medicare website. If your situation isn’t on the list, a benefits counselor may be able to assist you.


Do You Have to Pay the Medicare Part D premium penalty for the Rest of Your Life?

Yes, the Medicare Part D Premium Penalty is permanent, which means that if you have Medicare, you will have to pay it for the rest of your life.

How Can I Avoid the Late Enrollment Penalty for Medicare Part D?

An enrollment period starts three months before your 65th birthday and lasts for about three months afterward. To start, you should try to sign up during this time. Second, if you lose other reliable medication coverage, you must enroll in Part D within 63 days. Finally, have documentation of credible drug coverage in your records to show that you do not deserve a penalty.

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